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Functional CV Structure

Use if:

Do not use if:

  • If you have gaps in your CV
  • You are changing career
  • You are beginning your career (university or college leaver)


  • You wish to use the most common and Company / Recruiter friendly CV structure (Chronological)
  • You have a solid work history and good career progression (Chronological)
  • You are technical e.g. IT related (Combined)

The Structure

Personal Details

Your name and contact details e.g. address, telephone number, mobile and email address.

A common style is to put your name on the top line in bold, and on the next line your address. On the third line you write your telephone number, mobile number and your email address.


Career Objective

This is a short paragraph detailing what position you want, and how your skills can be used to benefit the company that you want to work for.  It should not exceed 5 lines. 


Career Summary

Here you write a few lines summarising your whole career, highlighting your main achievements and responsibilities.  It should contain a compact paragraph of all of your past achievements and contributions and your skills and personal attributes that will entice the reader to employ you.


Functional Headings

Instead of focussing on any particular job, you should describe your experience in its entirety. Since you are not focussing on any particular past employment, this means you can include any skills or experience gained in voluntary or unpaid work.  Make sure that the headings that you use are relevant to the job that you are applying for e.g. "sales", "management", "marketing", "organisation" etc.   These should be ordered in decreasing order of importance and should be backed up with proof of your skills in those areas.   


Include approximately 5 functional headings.  Here are some common ones used:

Administration

Advertising

Communication

Consulting

Counselling

Customer service

Designing

Editing

Education

Electronics

Engineering

Human Resources

IT experience

Journalism

Law

Leadership

Management

Marketing

Organisation

Planning

Public Relations

Publishing

Research

Sales

Secretarial

Supervision

Training

Travel

Writing

Work Experience

In reverse chronological order, detail work experience including names of companies and dates worked. This section is generally brief.


Education and Qualifications

Key qualifications Education and qualifications in reverse chronological order. Include dates, name of the course, name of the educational establishment and the grade achieved.


Professional memberships

Optional


Hobbies and Interests

Optional but only add some if they relate to the post or if they show off other aspects of your personality.


References

It is fine to put “Available on request”.