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Types of CV

When deciding which CV structure to use, it is important to be objective about your current situation, your background, your skills and what you wish to achieve. There are 3 types of CV, Chronological, Functional and Hybrid.  They contain basically the same information but the layout and emphasis is slightly different.

Chronological CV

This is the most traditional and widely used format and liked by Employers and Recruiters.  It is structured around your work history.  Your experience is presented on an employer basis with your roles being listed in reverse chronological order.

This style works well for most jobseekers witha  strong solid work history with no gaps.  It is great if you wish to highlight your employers and a stable employment history with good career progression.

The main disadvantage of this type is that it will show a gap in your CV if there is one.  However, most employers and recruiters will find the gaps anyway!  This type of CV is not ideal if you are looking for a complete career change, or have just left school or university as this will draw attention to your lack of experience rather than emphasising your skills.

Functional CV

This is structured around your skills, expertise and achievements with less emphasis on your work history. It highlights what you have to offer as a whole rather than chronologically.  This is a great way to incorporate and highlight transferable skills from hobbies or volunteer roles.

This CV type is best suited if you are looking to change roles or industry, or if you have changed jobs often or have large employment gaps, and if you have just finished college or university.

A functional CV is not the ideal choice if you have worked in the same industry and you wish to demonstrate your career progression within it.

Hybrid CV

A hybrid CV combines the Chronological and FUnctional CV style.  It is slightly longer in the layout so it must grab the readers attention from the beginning. This sort of CV should be used when you want to highlight skills and achievements along with an impressive work history and education.  Your skills and achievements are listed first and these are backed up by your work and educational experience.

The combined CV is perfect if you have a strong career progression with many achievements and if you wish to sell your strengths as well as your experience.

Make sure you choose the CV type thats right for you.


Chronological

Functional

Hybrid

Solid work history

Yes

No

Yes

IT / technical person with solid work history

No

No

Yes

Changing industry/role

No

Yes

No

University / School leaver

No

Yes

No

Many jobs

No

Yes

No

Incorporate skills from hobbies / volunteer work

No

Yes

No

Emphasise skills

No

Yes

No

Emphasis on skills but with good solid work history

No

No

Yes

Summary in Short:

  • Chronological CV Structure - most common.
  • Functional CV Structure - for those with lots of gaps or change of career or just out of education.
  • Hybrid CV Structure - for those with strong skills and a good career progression or technical individuals.